RESEARCH PAPER
Yield of dry matter and starch of edible potato tubers in conditions of application of growth biostimulators and herbicide
 
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Department of Agriculture, Pope John II State School of Higher Education in Biala Podlaska
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Alicja Joanna Baranowska   

Zakład Rolnictwa, Katedra Nauk Technicznych, Wydział Nauk Ekonomicznych i Technicznych Państwowa Szkoła Wyższa im. Papieża Jana Pawła II w Białej Podlaskiej ul. Sidorska 95/97, 21-500 Biała Podlaska
Publication date: 2018-10-30
Final revision date: 2018-10-19
Acceptance date: 2018-10-19
 
Acta Agroph. 2018, 25(4), 397–407
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Field experiments were conducted in the years 2015-2017 in the region of eastern Poland, in the Biała Podlaska Commune (52°02`N, 23°07`E) in the Lublin Voivodeship. The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of five methods of treatment involving application of growth biostimulators and herbicide on the yield of dry matter and starch of edible potato tubers. The experiments were performed in three replicates using the randomised split-block method. The examined factors included: factor I – three early cultivars of edible potato (Owacja, Bellarosa, Vineta), factor II – doses and dates of application of growth biostimulators: GreenOK-Universal Pro and Asahi SL as well as their combination with the Avatar 293 ZC herbicide. The highest yield of dry matter and starch of tubers was obtained from treatment 4 where, prior to sprouting, mechanical treatment was used, and after the final shaping of ridges and just before sprouting the Avatar 293 ZC herbicide at a dose of 1.5 dm3 ha–1, and then after sprouting the GreenOK Universal-PRO was applied three times at doses: 0.10 dm3 ha–1 – peak-end of sprouting + 0.15 dm3 ha–1 – covering of interrows + 0.15 dm3 ha–1 – flower bud break (the mean yield of dry matter was at the level of 9.0 t ha–1 and that of starch at the level of 6.3 t ha–1. However, the lowest yield of nutrients of potato tubers was obtained from the treatment where only mechanical treatment was used (treatment 1). Potato cultivars cultivated in the experiment and meteorological conditions also had a significant impact on the size of the yield of dry matter and starch of tubers. Growth biostimulators should find a wider application in agricultural practice as they are environment-friendly preparations and their use on agricultural crop plant fields gives notable production benefits.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Plon suchej masy i skrobi bulw ziemniaka jadalnego w warunkach stosowania biostymulatorów wzrostu i herbicydu
ziemniak, metody pielęgnacji, GreenOk-Uniwersal Pro, Asahi SL, Avatar 293 ZC
Doświadczenia polowe przeprowadzono w latach 2015-2017 w rejonie Polski wschodniej, w gminie Biała Podlaska (52°02`N; 23°07`E), w województwie lubelskim. Celem badań było określenie wpływu metod pielęgnacji z zastosowaniem biostymulatorów wzrostu i herbicydu na plon suchej masy i skrobi bulw ziemniaka jadalnego. Eksperyment założono metodą losowanych podbloków w trzech powtórzeniach. Badanymi czynnikami były: I czynnik – trzy wczesne odmiany ziemniaka jadalnego (Owacja, Bellarosa, Vineta), II czynnik – dawki i terminy aplikacji biostymulatorów wzrostu: GreenOk-Uniwersal Pro i Asahi SL oraz ich kombinacja z herbicydem Avatar 293 ZC. Największy plon suchej masy bulw i skrobi uzyskano na obiekcie 4., na którym do wschodów zastosowano pielęgnację mechaniczną, a po ostatecznym ukształtowaniu redlin tuż przed wschodami herbicyd Avatar 293 ZC w dawce 1.5 dm3·ha–1, następnie po wschodach trzykrotnie aplikowano bioaktywator GreenOK Universal-PRO w dawkach: 0.10 dm3·ha–1 – pełnia-koniec wschodów + 0.15 dm3·ha–1 – zakrywanie międzyrzędzi + 0.15 dm3·ha–1 – zawiązywanie pąków kwiatowych (średni plon suchej masy kształtował się na poziomie: 9.0 i 6.3 t·ha–1 skrobi). Natomiast najmniejsze plony składników odżywczych bulw ziemniaka uzyskano na obiekcie, na którym stosowano wyłącznie pielęgnację mechaniczną (obiekt 1). Na wielkość plonu suchej masy bulw i skrobi istotny wpływ miały również uprawiane w doświadczeniu odmiany ziemniaka oraz warunki meteorologiczne. Biostymulatory wzrostu powinny znaleźć szersze zastosowanie w praktyce rolniczej ponieważ są to preparaty przyjazne środowisku oraz ich stosowanie na plantacjach roślin rolniczych przynosi wymierne korzyści produkcyjne.
 
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