RESEARCH PAPER
The influence of amino acid biostimulators on the size and quality of garlic (Allium sativum L.)
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Horticulture,, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
2
Department of Working Machines and Methodology of Research, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Emilia Mikulewicz   

Department of Horticulture, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Prawocheńskiego 21, 10-957, Olsztyn, Poland
Publication date: 2020-03-09
Final revision date: 2020-01-15
Acceptance date: 2020-01-16
 
Acta Agroph. 2019, 26(4), 31–38
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
A field experiment was conducted in the years 2017-2018 in the area of the Didactic and Experimental Centre, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn. The experiment was set up in the randomised split block design, in three replicates. The first experimental factor was four winter cultivars of garlic (Allium sativum L.): ‘Arkus’, ‘Harnaś’, ‘Mega’, ‘Ornak’. Within the scope of the second experimental factor, the effect of amino acid biostimulators Calleaf Aminovital and Maximus Amino Protect on the yield and quality of garlic was analysed. The control treatment comprised plots on which only water was applied. The objective of the study was to estimate selected morphological features of bulbs and the content of nutritional components of garlic cultivated with the use of biopreparations. The morphology and the nutritional composition of the edible part of garlic was estimated. Statistically significant impact of the cultivar on bulb mass and horizontal diameter and on the content of L-ascorbic acid and nitrates (V) in the edible part of garlic was demonstrated. Cultivar ‘Ornak’ was characterised by greater bulb mass (64.62 g), vertical and horizontal diameter (4.09 and 4.14 cm), dry matter content (38.0%) and concentration of reducing sugars (1.18 g 100 g–1 fresh matter). Lower bulb mass, height, content of total and reducing sugars and of nitrates (V) were determined in garlic cv. ‘Arkus’. The cultivation of garlic plants with the use of the biostimulators had a significant effect on the number of cloves in a single bulb. The application of Calleaf Aminovital increased their number to an average of 6 cloves×plant–1. Interaction of garlic plants cv. ‘Arkus’ with Calleaf Aminowital significantly reduced the content of nitrates (V) in garlic relative to the remaining cultivation treatments.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST
The Authors does not declare conflict of interest.
 
REFERENCES (14)
1.
Anyszka Z., Berniak H., Chałańska A., Łabanowski G., Wrzodak R., Robak J., Włodarek A., 2020. Methodology of integrated garlic production (second edition amended). Integrated Officially Controlled Production (in Polish). Retrieved 5.03.2020 from https://piorin.gov.pl/download... gfx/piorin/pl/defaultstronaopisowa/1328/1/1/metodyka_ip_czosnku_ed_2.pdf.
 
2.
Albuquerque J.R.A., Monteiro H.N.B., Bezerra A.A.C., Filho C.H.A., Lopes A.C.A., Gomes R.L.F., 2017. Agromorphological performance of garlic landraces in Piauí, Brazil. Cienc. Rural, 47(6), 2-6, https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8....
 
3.
Ciuba M., Dziadek K., Kukiełka K., Oczkowicz J., Piątkowska E., Leszczyńska E., Kopeć A., 2016. Comparison of chemical composition and content of bioactive components of selected cultivars of garlic (in Polish). ŻNTJ, 5(108), 107-115.
 
4.
Dalhad M.H., Adefolake F.A., Musa M., 2018. Nutritional composition and phytochemical analysis of aqueous extract of Allium cepa (onion) and Allium sativa (garlic). Asian Food Sci. J., 3(4), 1-9, https://doi.org/10.9734/AFSJ/2....
 
5.
Gajewska M., Czajkowska-Mysłek A., 2015. Estimation of the level of contamination with nitrates (III) and (V) of dried spice plants available on the retail market (in Polish). Bromat. Chem. Toksykol., 47(3), 310-315.
 
6.
Gugała M., Sikorska A., Zarzecka K., Krasnodębska E., Kapela K., Mystkowska I., 2017. Economic viability of the use of growth biostimulators in winter oilseed rape cultivation (in Polish). Roczniki Naukowe Stowarzyszenia Ekonomistów i Agrobiznesu, 19(4), 92-96.
 
7.
Marcińca K., Włodarczyk-Marciniec B. 2008. Anti-carcinogenic properties of garlic (in Polish). Post. Fitoter., 2, 90-95.
 
8.
Matłok N., Gorzelany J., Bilek M., Pieniążek R., Kuźniar P., Kaniuczak J., 2014. Estimation of the content of fructose, glucose and saccharose in selected onion cultivars cultivated at three breeding and seed-production farms (in Polish). Zesz. Probl. Post. Nauk Rol., 576, 79-87.
 
9.
Matysiak M., Gaweł-Bęben K., Rybczyńska K., Gmiński J., Surma S., 2015. Comparison of selected biological properties of garlic (Allium sativum L.) cultivated in Poland and in China (in Polish). ŻNTJ, 2(99), 160-169, https://doi.org/10.15193/zntj/....
 
10.
Mystkowska I.T., 2018. Biostimulators as a factor affecting the yields of edible potato (in Polish). Acta Agroph., 25(3), 307-315, https://doi.org/10.31545/aagr/....
 
11.
Petropoulsos S.A, Fernandes A., Ntatsi G., Petrolos K., Barros L., Ferreira I.C.F.R., 2018. Nutritional value, chemical characterization and bulb morphology of Greek garlic landraces. Molecules, 23, 1-14, https://doi.org/10.3390/molecu....
 
12.
Różańska D., Regulska-Ilow B., Ilow R., 2014. Effect of selected cooking processes on antioxidative potential and content of polyphenols in food (in Polish). PHiE, 95(2), 215-222.
 
13.
Suleria H.A., Butt M.S., Khalid N., Sultan S., Raza A., Aleem M., Abbas M., 2015. Garlic (Allium sativum). Diet based therapy of 21st century: A review. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Dis., 5(4), 271-278, https://doi.org/10.1016/S2222-....
 
14.
Yeshiwas Y., Belete N., Tegibew W., Yohaness G., Melke A., Kassahun Y. 2018. Collection and characterization of garlic (Allium sativa L.) germplasm form growth and bulb yield at Debre Markos, Ethiopia. J. Hortic. For., 10(3), 17-26, https://doi.org/10.5897/JHF201....
 
eISSN:2300-6730
ISSN:1234-4125