Yield-protective efficiency of biological and chemical potato protection against Phytophtora infestans (Mont.) de Bary
 
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Institute of Crop Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Economics, University of Agriculture al. Mickiewicza 21, 31-120 Kraków
Publish date: 2018-06-04
 
Acta Agroph. 2018, 25(1), 59–71
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Potato protection against blight is an indispensable element of cultivation technology in all production systems. Having in mind food safety and environmental protection, the goal is to limit the chemical protection of plants in favour of other methods, including biological ones. Therefore, the study aimed to evaluate an effect of chemical (Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WP and Infinito 687.5 SC, Flowbrix 380 SC), biological (Polyversum WP, Timorex Gold 24 EC, Biosept Active 33 SL) and integrated protection (alternate biopreparations and Flowbrix 380 SC) on tuber yield of early (Vineta) and moderately early (Red Fantasy) potato cultivars. The field experiment was carried out in the years 2012-2014 near Cracow, Poland (50º07’N, 20º05’E and altitude 271 m a.s.l.) in soil conditions of Luvic Chernozem, developed from loess. Potato protection against blight contributed to a significant increase in yield in all variants of protection, except Polyversum WP. Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WP and Infinito 687.5 SC fungicides were the most effective; their application resulted in 35% higher tuber yields compared to the control plants. Flowbrix 380 SC application caused a 22% yield increase, while plant extracts used individually and alternately with Flowbrix 380 SC fungicide resulted in 16-17% increase. 
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Plonochronna efektywność biologicznej i chemicznej ochrony ziemniaka przed Phytophtora infestans (Mont.) de Bary
ziemniak, zaraza ziemniaka, ochrona, plon bulw, struktura plonu
Ochrona ziemniaka przed zarazą jest niezbędnym elementem agrotechniki we wszystkich systemach produkcji. W trosce o zachowanie bezpieczeństwa żywności i ochronę środowiska dąży się do ograniczenia chemicznej ochrony roślin na korzyść innych metod, w tym metody biologicznej. Dlatego przeprowadzono badania, w których oceniano wpływ ochrony chemicznej (Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WP i Infinito 687,5 SC, Flowbrix 380 SC), biologicznej (Polyversum WP, Timorex Gold 24 EC, Biosept Active 33 SL) oraz integrowanej (przemiennie biopreparaty i Flowbrix 380 SC) na plonowanie ziemniaka wczesnego (Vineta) i średnio wczesnego (Red Fantasy). Badania polowe realizowano w latach 2012-2014 koło Krakowa, Polska (50º07'N, 20º05'E i wysokości 271 m a.s.l.) w warunkach glebowych czarnoziemu zdegradowanego wytworzonego z lessu. Ochrona ziemniaka przed zarazą przyczyniła się do istotnej zwyżki plonu we wszystkich wariantach ochrony z wyjątkiem Polyversum WP. Największą efektywnością plonochronną odznaczały się fungicydy Ridomil Gold MZ 68 WP i Infinito 687,5 SC, po zastosowaniu których stwierdzono o 35% większe plony bulw niż w obiekcie kontrolnym. Aplikacja preparatu Flowbrix 380 SC zapewniła 22% przyrost plonu, natomiast ekstraktów roślinnych stosowanych indywidualnie oraz przemiennie z fungicydem Flowbrix 380 SC na poziomie 16-17%
 
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