The effect of some soil physicochemical properties and nitrogen fertilisation on winter wheat yield
 
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1
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Chemistry, University of Life Sciences ul. Akademicka 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biology and Biochemistry, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Akademicka 19, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
3
Institute of Agrophysics PAS, 20-290 Lublin, ul. Doświadczalna 4, 20-290 Lublin, Poland
Publish date: 2018-06-04
 
Acta Agroph. 2018, 25(1), 107–116
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
An environmental study, which was conducted at 45 agricultural farms located in south-eastern Poland (Lubelskie Voivodeship) over the period of 2015-2016, evaluated the effect of some soil physicochemical properties and nitrogen fertilisation on winter wheat yield. Soil physicochemical analysis was performed using conventional methods at the accredited laboratory of the Regional Chemical and Agricultural Station in Lublin. Factorial analysis was carried out after classifying the soil according to soil textural classes, pH classes, and phosphorus, potassium and magnesium abundance classes, as well as after determining three nitrogen rates applied for wheat and its previous crop: I – 0-30; II – 31-60; III – 61-90 kg N ha–1. The study found a positive, but not always significant, effect of soil textural class (in particular, the content of silt and clay particles) and soil pH class (from acidic to alkaline) on winter wheat grain yield. Soil phosphorus, potassium and magnesium abundance was not found to have any significant effect on grain yield. However, these nutrients were observed to positively affect wheat grain yield. Nitrogen fertilisation applied for the evaluated crop and the previous crop was found to significantly affect winter wheat grain yield.
METADATA IN OTHER LANGUAGES:
Polish
Wpływ niektórych właściwości fizykochemicznych gleby oraz nawożenia azotem na plonowanie pszenicy ozimej
nawożenie, klasy zasobności, skład granulometryczny, odczyn gleby, pszenica ozima
W badaniach środowiskowych przeprowadzonych w 45 gospodarstwach rolnych położonych w południowo-wschodniej Polsce (województwo lubelskie), w latach 2015-2016, oceniono wpływ niektórych właściwości fizykochemicznych gleby oraz nawożenia azotem na plon ziarna pszenicy ozimej. Analizę fizykochemiczną gleby wykonano metodami konwencjonalnymi w akredytowanym laboratorium Okręgowej Stacji Chemiczno-Rolniczej w Lublinie. Analizę czynnikową przeprowadzono po wcześniejszym podziale gleby na grupy granulometryczne, klasy odczynu oraz klasy zasobności w fosfor, potas i magnez przyswajalny, a także określeniu trzech dawek azotu zastosowanych pod pszenicę oraz jej przedplon: I – 0-30; II – 31-60; III – 6-90 kg N·ha–1. Odnotowano pozytywny, ale nie zawsze istotny, wpływ grupy granulometrycznej (szczególnie cząstek pylastych i ilastych) oraz klasy odczynu gleby (od kwaśnego do zasadowego) na plon ziarna pszenicy ozimej. Stwierdzono pozytywny jednak nieistotny wpływ zasobności gleby w przyswajalne formy fosforu, potasu i magnezu na plon pszenicy. Nawożenie azotem zarówno pszenicy jak i przedplonu wpłynęło istotnie na plon ziarna tej rośliny.
 
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