Methods of determination of water infiltration from the atmosphere in non-rainfall periods
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Instytut Kształtowania i Ochrony Środowiska, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy we Wrocławiu pl. Grunwaldzki 24, 50-363 Wrocław
Publish date: 2018-06-25
Acta Agroph. 2018, 25(2), 145–162
The paper presents a review of quantitative methods of determination of the intensity of water infiltration to the surface horizon of soil in non-rainfall periods. The review includes the following: lysimetric methods, methods using dew collectors and sediment gauges, method using aluminium barriers and TDR gauges, and models using empirical and phenomenological mathematical formulae. It is demonstrated that the method using sediment gauges and the method using aluminium barriers have the most advantages. In both of these methods the TDR technique plays a fundamental role. Estimation of water infiltration in non-rainfall periods provides valuable information in the process of dosage determination, e.g. in injection irrigation.
Metody wyznaczania infiltracji wody z atmosfery w okresach bezopadowych
szacowanie, infiltracja wody z atmosfery w okresach bezopadowych, technika TDR, metody lizymetryczne, kolektory rosy, czujniki osadów
W pracy dokonano przeglądu ilościowych metod wyznaczania natężenia infiltracji wody do wierzchniej warstwy gleby w okresach bezopadowych. Wykorzystano: metody lizymetryczne, kolektory rosy i czujniki osadów, aluminiowe przegrody i czujniki TDR oraz modele wykorzystujące empiryczne i fenomenologiczne formuły matematyczne. Wykazano, że najwięcej zalet ma metoda wykorzystująca czujniki osadów oraz metoda z zastosowaniem aluminiowych przegród. W obu technika TDR odgrywa zasadniczą rolę. Szacowanie infiltracji wody w okresach bezopadowych stanowi cenną informację w procesie nawadniania iniekcyjnego.
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