Physical properties of the soil formed as a result of recultivation of sand-pits in the Bóbr river valley
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Technical University of Zielona Góra, Dept. of Environment Restoration, Podgórna 50, 65-246 Zielona Góra, Poland
Publication date: 2020-05-27
Acta Agroph. 2000, (35), 77–84
Quite large areas of the alluvial soils in the valley of the river Bóbr were destructed by the sand and gravel exploitation. After the recultivation measures, which consisted of backfilling of the open-cast with waste aggregate, levelling the surface and putting on such prepared surface 50-200 cm of the stripping material, the yield was very low. The field and laboratory experiments have shown that during the technical operations the soil was compacted to such degree, that the root growth and water permeability was restricted to large extent. The soil compaction was noted in the whole soil profile. The evidences of this process were the high bulk density (often over 1.8 Mg m–3) very low water permeability values and low air capacity. The situation during the 12 years from the finishing of the recultivation has not changed.