Comparison of selected chemical properties of water of Budzień-Krępa canal and “Błoto Kraków” peatland in Lower Odra Valley
Romualda Bejger 1  
Paweł Nicia 2  
More details
Hide details
Department of Physics and Agrophysics, West Pomaranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Department of Soil Science and Soil Protection, University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Romualda Bejger   

Department of Physics and Agrophysics, West Pomaranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Papieża Pawła VI nr 3, 71-459, Szczecin, Poland
Publish date: 2019-09-11
Final revision date: 2019-08-11
Acceptance date: 2019-08-12
Acta Agroph. 2019, 26(2), 45–52
The paper presents a study on the content of selected chemical components in waters of the low moor peatland “Błoto Kraków” and the navigable canal Budzień–Krępa running across the peatland. Samples of water from the peatland and from the canal were collected three times during the vegetation period, in April, August and October. Also soil samples were collected, from the surface horizon of the peatland. The soil samples were characterised by a low degree of degradation of accumulated organic matter, an acidic reaction and a low ash content. The peatland waters were characterised by statistically significantly higher levels of most of the assayed ions and statistically significantly higher mineralisation compared to the canal waters. Also the content of nutrients – nitrate, ammonium and phosphate ions, was statistically significantly higher in the peatland waters. In the case of the content of heavy metals, the peatland waters were characterised by statistically significantly higher levels of iron, manganese and nickel, relative to water sampled from the canal. No statistically significant differences were noted in the content of lead and copper. This may mean that, under conditions of acidic reaction, certain elements are liberated from the sorptive complex of the peatland soils, and migrate to surface waters, causing their contamination.
The Authors does not declare conflict of interest.
Bejger R., Mielnik L., Włodarczyk M., NiciaP., 2018. Studying the interaction between peat humic acids and metazachlor using the spectroscopy methods. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 18(8), 2675-2681,
Dojlido J., 1999. Physicochemical analysis of water and wastewaters (in Polish). Wyd. Arkady, Warszawa.
Hermanowicz W., 1984. Sanitary chemistry (in Polish). Arkady, Warszawa.
Ilnicki P., 2002. Peatlands and peat (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej, Poznań.
J. of Laws 2014, item 1409, Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 9th October, 2014, on species protection of plants.
J. of Laws 2016, item 2183, Regulation of the Minister of the Environment of 16th December, 2016, on species protection of animals.
Jasnowska J., 2002. Plant world (in Polish). In: The Nature of West Pomerania (Ed. M. Kaczanowska). OFICYNA IN PLUS, Szczecin, 107-131.
Jasnowski M., 1962. The structure and vegetation of peatlands in Szczecin Pomerania (in Polish). Szczecińskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Wydział Nauk Przyrodniczo-Rolniczych 10, Szczecin.
Jasnowski M., 1990. Peatlands of the Province of Słupsk. Status, resources, importance, management, protection (in Polish). Publikacje z serii Nauka-Praktyce, Akademia Rolnicza w Szczecinie, Szczecin.
Jasnowski M., 1993. Peatlands in the region of Szczecin. In: The status of the environment of the city and region of Szczecin: threats and protection (in Polish). Collective work(Ed. J. Jasnowska), Szczecińskie Towarzystwo Naukowe, Szczecin, 79-90.
Kabała C., Chodak T., Szerszeń L., Karczewska A., Szopka K., Frątczak U., 2009. Factors influencing the concentration of heavy metals in soils of allotment gardens in the city of Wroclaw, Poland. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 18 (7), 1118-1124.
Kabata-Pendias A., 2010. Trace Elements in Soil and Plant. 4th ed., Taylor&Francis Group,
Karczewska A., 2002. Heavy metals in soils contaminated by emissions from copper plants – forms and solubility (in Polish). DSc dissertation. Zesz. Nauk. AR we Wrocławiu. Rozprawy CLXXXIV, Wydział Rolniczy, nr 432, Wrocław.
Karczewska A., 2008. Soil protection and reclamation of degraded areas (in Polish). A handbook. Wydawnictwo UP we Wrocławiu.
Kiryluk A., 2003. Effect of the method of use of low moor peatland on the content of biogenic and other components in ground waters and in waters from melioration dithces in the object Supraśl Dolna (in Polish). Acta Agroph., 1(2), 245-253.
Kużajski A., Łuszcz Z., Kozakowski F., Wierzchowski L., 2004. Program of environmental protection for the commune of Stepnica. Urząd Gminy Stepnica.
Nicia P., 2009. Characteristics and problems of mountain and submontane fens protection. In: Wetlands – their functions and protection (Ed. A. Łachacz). University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Olsztyn, 125-138.
Nicia P., Bejger R., 2012. Characteristics of mountain fen soils with various type of hydrological feeding. In: Necessity of peatlands protection (Ed. L.W. Szajdak, W. Gaca, T. Meysner, K. Styła, M. Szczecpański). Wydawnictwo Prodruk Poznań, 151-160.
Nicia P., Bejger R., 2013. Influence of human activity on the properties of soils and waters of hydrogenic habitats. Acta Agroph., 20(4), 609-617.
Nicia P., Zadrożny P., Lamorski T., Bejger R., 2010. The properties of soils and waters in Krowiarki fen under Caltho-Alnetum community in the Babiogorski National Park (in Polish). Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie, 10, 1(29), 123-132.
Pazdro Z., 1983. General hydrogeology (in Polish). Edition III. Wyd. Geolog., Warszawa.
Prikłoński W.A., Łaptiew F.F., 1955. Physical properties and chemical composition of underground waters (in Polish). Wyd. Geol., Warszawa.
Racinowska-Ratajska M., Kaczor D., Wiśniewski M., 2005. Ecophysiographical analysis for the study of determinants and directions of spatial management (in Polish). Regional office of spatial management of the Province of West Pomerania, Szczecin.
Sapek A., Sapek B., 1997. Methods of chemical analysis of organic soils (in Polish). Wydawnictwo IMUZ, Falenty.
Sapek A., Sapek B., Chrzanowski S., Jaszczyński J., 2007. Mobilization of substances in peat soils and their transfer within the groundwater and into surface water. Agron. Rea., 5(2), 155-163.
Tobolski K., 2000. Vademecum Geobotanicum. A Guidebook for the determination of peats and lake sediments (in Polish). Wyd. Nauk. PWN, Warszawa.
Tobolski K., 2003. Peatlands on the example of the region of Świecko (in Polish). Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Dolnej Wisły, Świecie.
Wołejko L., 2000. Phytosociological-ecological dynamics of spring ecosystems on north-west Poland in the conditions of extensification of agriculture (in Polish). Rozpr. AR w Szczecinie 195, Szczecin.
Zadrożny P., Nicia P., Kowalska J., Bejger R., 2015. Assessment of heavy metals pollution in the Błędowskie swamp soils. Acta Agroph., 22(2), 233-242.